Media Center

Astana Declaration of the Council of Heads of State of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization

July 10, 2024

The leaders of the Member States of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (hereinafter referred to as the SCO or the Organization), following the meeting of the Council of Heads of Member State (hereinafter referred to as the CHS) in Astana on July 4, 2024, declare the following.

Tectonic shifts are taking place in world politics, economics and other areas of international relations. A more just and multipolar world order is emerging, opportunities for the development of states and the implementation of mutually beneficial and equal international cooperation are expanding. At the same time, the use of force is intensifying, international law is being systematically violated, geopolitical confrontation and conflicts are growing, and risks to stability in the world and the SCO region are multiplying.

The Member States consider it necessary to increase the role of the SCO in creating conditions for strengthening global peace, security and stability, as well as building a new democratic, fair, political and economic international order. For these purposes, they adopt the SCO Initiative "On World Unity for a Just Peace, Harmony and Development” and invite the world community to join it.

The Member States advocate respect for the right of peoples to an independent and democratic choice of the paths of their political and socio-economic development, emphasizing that the principles of mutual respect for sovereignty, independence, territorial integrity of states, equality, mutual benefit, non-interference in internal affairs, non-use of force or threat the use of force is the basis for the sustainable development of international relations. They reaffirm their commitment to the peaceful resolution of differences and disputes between countries through dialogue and consultation.

Member States do not participate in the adoption of any decisions aimed at interfering in internal affairs and contrary to international law.Member States noted that to strengthen the credibility and effectiveness of the UN, it is important to ensure the representation of developing countries through comprehensive UN reform.

They, taking into account the opinions of the Member States, confirmed the relevance of initiatives to promote interaction in building a new type of international relations in the spirit of mutual respect, justice, equality and mutually beneficial cooperation, as well as the formation of a common vision of the idea of creating acommunity with a common destiny for humanity and developing dialogue on the idea "One Earth. One family. One future."

The Member States, based on the proximity or coincidence of assessments of the current regional and international agenda, their commitment to the formation of a more representative, democratic, fair and multipolar world order based on the generally recognized principles of international law, cultural and civilizational diversity, mutually beneficial and equal cooperation of states with a central coordinating the role of the UN.

The Member States, in accordance with the principles of the SCO Charter and the "Shanghai spirit”, characterized by mutual trust, mutual benefit, equality, mutual consultations, respect for the diversity of cultures, and the desire for joint development, adhere to a line that excludes confrontational approaches to solving problems of international and regional development, countering traditional and new security challenges and threats.

Member States once again draw attention to the fact that the unilateral and unrestricted build-up of global missile defense systems by individual countries or groups of states has a negative impact on international security and stability. They consider it unacceptable to try to ensure their own security at the expense of the security of other states.

Member States stand for further strengthening of friendship, trust, good neighborliness and cooperation. In this regard, they adopted a Statement on the Principles of Good Neighborliness, Trust and Partnership.

The Member States intend to further develop cooperation in the fields of politics and security, trade, economics, finance and investment, cultural and humanitarian ties in order to build a peaceful, safe, prosperous and environmentally friendly planet Earth to achieve harmonious coexistence of man and nature.

The Member States that Central Asia is the core of the SCO. They support the efforts of the Central Asian states aimed at ensuring peace, security and stability in their countries and in the region as a whole, welcome the holding of Consultative Meetings of the Heads of State of Central Asia on a regular basis and advocate the active role of the SCO in further strengthening the stability and socio-economic development of this region.

The Member States also emphasize that the strategic development goals of the SCO and the countries of Central Asia complement each other.

The Member States declare that the SCO is one of the most important participants in the system of international interaction, making a significant contribution to ensuring regional security, sustainability and growth of the global economy, a healthy lifestyle and a green environment, the development of social, cultural, sports and scientific ties between countries of the Organization.

The Member States, being aimed at developing the SCO Development Strategy until 2035, their readiness to increase the potential and international influence of the Organization as one of the key multilateral associations of the multipolar world.

The Member States express confidence that the constant improvement of the efficiency of the SCO will contribute to more successful implementation of its goals and objectives. In this regard, guided by the decisions of the SCO CHS of September 17, 2021 and September 16, 2022, they intend to improve the activities of the SCO in accordance with the requirements of the time and lead the Organization to a qualitatively new development trajectory.

The Member States are unanimous in recognizing the need to improve SCO mechanisms to counter security challenges and threats and expand specialized cooperation in the fight against terrorism, separatism and extremism, as well as drug trafficking, arms smuggling and other types of transnational organized crime.

Member States emphasize that interaction within the Organization can serve as the basis for the formation of an architecture of equal and indivisible security in Eurasia.

They take measures to prevent on their territory any activity that contradicts the principles of state sovereignty and territorial integrity.The Member States, reaffirming their firm commitment to the fight against terrorism, separatism and extremism, emphasize the inadmissibility of attempts to use terrorist, separatist and extremist groups for mercenary goals. They recognize the leading role of sovereign states and their competent authorities in countering terrorist and extremist threats.

The Member States resolutely oppose any terrorist acts and aggressive actions against citizens, as well as diplomatic missions and consular offices of the SCO Member States, the inviolability of which is guaranteed by generally recognized norms of international law.

Member States emphasize that double standards are unacceptable in the fight against terrorism. Terrorism in any form and manifestation cannot be justified; condoning and harboring terrorists must be resolutely condemned by the entire world community. They consider terrorists’ use of the information space to spread extremist ideology, including among young people, a serious threat.

Member States are firmly of the view that the international community must isolate and expose those countries that harbor terrorists, provide them with safe haven and condone terrorism. They will counter cyber propaganda and disinformation campaigns against SCO Member States carried out by international terrorist organizations.

Member States call on the international community to seek consensus on the adoption within the UN of the Comprehensive Convention for the Suppression of International Terrorism as an important contribution to the existing framework of universal international counter-terrorism instruments.

Member States, expressing serious concern about the information propaganda of terrorist groups, will continue to increase joint efforts to prevent the spread of radical ideologies, any religious intolerance and xenophobia, aggressive nationalism, ethnic and racial discrimination. Member States are ready to implement comprehensive measures to eliminate the conditions conducive to terrorism and extremism, including continuing to resolutely combat the financing of terrorism, recruitment and cross-border movement of terrorists, radicalization of youth, as well as the use of new information and communications technologies for terrorist purposes.

Member States welcomed the Resolution adopted annually by the UN General Assembly "Combating the glorification of Nazism, neo-Nazism and other practices that contribute to the escalation of contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance.”

Member States, expressing deep concern about the deterioration of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict, strongly condemn the actions that have led to numerous civilian casualties and a catastrophic humanitarian situation in the Gaza Strip.

They emphasize the need to ensure an early, complete and sustainable ceasefire, access to humanitarian assistance, and increased efforts to achieve peace, stability and security for all residents of the region.

Member States note that the only possible way to ensure peace and stability in the Middle East is a comprehensive and fair settlement of the Palestinian issue.The Member States, as part of the further development of the activities of the Regional Anti-Terrorism Structure (hereinafter referred to as RATS) of the SCO, adopted the Program of Cooperation of the SCO Member States in Countering Terrorism, Separatism and Extremism for 2025–2027, aimed at further increasing the effectiveness and strengthening the fight against the forces of the "three evils”

The Member States will continue joint actions aimed at strengthening the SCO's counter-terrorism profile, including through joint anti-terrorism and command post exercises, as well as constant monitoring of the situation in the region through the SCO RATS.

The Member States noted the efforts of the Republic of Tajikistan to promote multilateral cooperation in the fight against terrorism and its financing in the Central Asian region ("Dushanbe Process”), as well as the intention to hold the next High-Level Conference jointly with the UN in November 2024 in Kuwait.

In order to counter the threat of chemical and biological terrorism, Member States stressed the importance of launching multilateral negotiations on an international convention for the suppression of acts of chemical and biological terrorism at the Conference on Disarmament.

The Member States will ensure the implementation of proposals to improve mechanisms for countering challenges and threats to the security of the SCO Member States, taking into account existing initiatives in accordance with the SCO CHS Decision of September 17, 2021.

Member States confirmed their readiness to further strengthen exchange and cooperation on the development of legal systems between their justice departments. Member States support the exchange of experience and cooperation in such areas as legislation, legal services, forensic activities, popularization of the law, informatization and others.

Member States, pledging to act in accordance with the principles of the UN Charter, the universality, indivisibility, interdependence and interconnectedness of all human rights, as well as their obligations to respect human rights and fundamental freedoms, and oppose the use of "double standards” in matters of human rights and interference in internal affairs of other states under the pretext of their protection.

The Member States highly appreciated the holding of the Joint Anti-Terrorism Exercise "Eurasia-Antiterror-2023” in September 2023 in the Kyrgyz Republic.Member States, reaffirming their commitment to establishing Afghanistan as an independent, neutral and peaceful state, free from terrorism, war and drugs, expressed their readiness to support the efforts of the international community to ensure peace and development in this country.

Member States reiterated that the formation of an inclusive government with broad participation from representatives of all ethno-political groups of Afghan society is the only way to achieve lasting peace and stability in this country.

Member States noted the proposal of the Republic of Kazakhstan to create a UN Regional Center for Sustainable Development Goals for Central Asia and Afghanistan in Almaty.

Member States also noted the initiative of the Republic of Tajikistan to develop the concept of creating a security belt around Afghanistan.

Member States support further deepening of practical cooperation in the fight against drug trafficking, including in the suppression of crimes using information and communication technologies and the spread of new psychoactive substances. They emphasized the importance of implementing international drug control conventions andrelevant SCO regulations. Member States will continue to coordinate positions on drug-related issues in the relevant UN bodies and other international organizations and structures, and in this context welcomed the holding of the next special event of the SCO and the UN Office on Drugs and Crime on March 20, 2024 in Vienna.

Member States will promote joint initiatives to preserve the current international legal system of drug control and the inadmissibility of legalization of the use of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances for non-medical purposes.

The Member States believe that the approval of the SCO Anti-Drug Strategy for 2024-2029 and the Action Program for its implementation will be an effective contribution to the fight against the global drug threat and building a drug-free society. They support the regular implementation of the anti-drug operation "Web”, the preventive action "For a world without drugs” and other events.

The Member States decided to establish interaction between the SCO Secretariat and the Central Asian Regional Information Coordination Center for Combating Illicit Trafficking in Narcotic Drugs, Psychotropic Substances and Their Precursors by signing a corresponding memorandum.

The Member States consider it important to sustainably implement the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action on the Iranian Nuclear Program and, in accordance with UN Security Council Resolution 2231 of July 20, 2015, call on all participants to strictly fulfill all their obligations for the comprehensive and effective implementation of the document.

Member States believe that the early entry into force of the Protocol on Security Assurances to the Treaty on a Nuclear Weapon-Free Zone in Central Asia (New York, May 6, 2014) for all signatory states will make a significant contribution to ensuring regional security and strengthening the nuclear non-proliferation regime.

The Member States that are parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons of July 1, 1968 stand for strict compliance with the provisions of the Treaty, the comprehensive balanced promotion of all goals and principles enshrined in it, strengthening the global regime for the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons, continuing the process of nuclear disarmament, as well as promoting equal, mutually beneficial cooperation in the field of the use of atomic energy for peaceful purposes.

The Member States stand for maintaining outer space free of weapons of any kind and note the importance of strict compliance with the current legal regime, which provides for the exclusively peaceful use of outer space. They emphasize the need to conclude an international legally binding instrument that would enhance transparency and provide reliable guarantees to prevent an arms race in outer space.

Member States, noting the significance of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on Their Destruction (BTWC), advocate strict compliance with the Convention and the adoption of a legally binding Protocol thereto, providing for an effective verification mechanism, as well as against the creation of any mechanisms that duplicate the functions of the BTWC.

Member States noted the proposal of the Republic of Kazakhstan to create an International Biosafety Agency, accountable to the UN Security Council for the implementation of the relevant Convention.

Member States call for full compliance with the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) as an important disarmament and non-proliferation instrument. Member States reaffirm their support for the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) and advocate for decision-making by consensus in order to overcome differences within the Organization and ensure its effective operation in accordance with the Convention. Taking into account the completion of the process of destruction of all declared stockpiles of chemical weapons, they emphasize the relevance of continuing the work of this international technical structure, based on the interests of all CWC Member States.

Member States consider combating transnational organized crime as one of the key areas of cooperation in law enforcement. They advocate further strengthening of the international legal framework for countering criminal challenges and threats, recognizing the central coordinating role of the UN in these processes, as well as the important contribution of the SCO and other international and regional organizations.

The Member States noted the initiative of the Islamic Republic of Iran to consider the issue of creating the SCO Police.

Member States emphasize the key role of the UN in countering threats in the information space, creating a safe information space built on the principles of respect for state sovereignty and non-interference in the internal affairs of other countries.

The Member States, reaffirming their intention to further deepen cooperation in the field of ensuring international information security, call on the international community to seek consensus on the adoption within the UN framework of a comprehensive Convention on Combating the Use of Information and Communication Technologies for Criminal Purposes. They note that the SCO document on cooperation in the fight against crimes in the field of information technology will be an important contribution to these efforts.

Member States consider it important to ensure equal rights for all countries to regulate the Internet and the sovereign right of the state to manage it in its national segment.

Member States note the role of the SCO region in restoring the global economy, maintaining the stability of global production and supply chains, and ensuring further sustainable development.

Member States support further improvement and reform of the architecture of global economic governance and will consistently defend and strengthen an open, transparent, fair, inclusive, non-discriminatory and multilateral trading system based on generally accepted international principles and rules, promoting the development of an open world economy and ensuring fair access to markets, special and differential treatment for developing countries.

They also oppose protectionist actions, unilateral sanctions and trade restrictions that undermine the multilateral trading system and impede global sustainable development.

Member States emphasized that the unilateral application of sanctions is incompatible with the principles of international law and has a negative impact on third countries and international economic relations.

The Member States support further deepening of people-oriented interaction on issues of improving the well-being and standard of living of the population in the SCO space. They consider it important to continue the implementation of the Program of Multilateral Trade and Economic Cooperation, as well as the implementation of the SCO Economic Development Strategy for the period until 2030 adopted by the interested parties with the full use of the potential of specialized mechanisms, cooperation platforms and public platforms.

The Member States note the importance of the practical implementation of the adopted Action Plan for the implementation of the SCO Economic Development Strategy for the period until 2030, as well as the initiative to jointly develop the SCO New Economic Dialogue Program. They supported the holding of the Meeting of the heads of administrations of special zones of the SCO Member States in Samarkand in 2024.

The Republic of Belarus, the Islamic Republic of Iran, the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, the Russian Federation, the Republic of Tajikistan and the Republic of Uzbekistan, reaffirming support for China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), noted the ongoing work on the joint implementation of this project, including efforts to link the development of the Eurasian Economic Union and the BRI.

The Member States consider it important to use the potential of the countries of the region, international organizations and multilateral associations in the interests of creating a space of broad, open, mutually beneficial and equal interaction in the SCO region in accordance with the norms of international law, mutual respect and taking into account national interests.

They noted the proposal of the Russian Federation to create a Greater Eurasian Partnership with the participation of the SCO countries, the Eurasian Economic Union, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, as well as other interested states and multilateral associations.

The Member States, sharing the desire of the international community to strengthen interconnectedness, welcome all initiatives of the SCO countries in the transport sector aimed at developing mutually beneficial cooperation on a fair and balanced basis in accordance with international law, the goals and principles of the UN Charter and the SCO Charter.

They advocated the further implementation of the Concept of Cooperation among the SCO Member States to develop interconnectedness and create effective transport corridors (Samarkand, September 16, 2022).

The Member States welcomed the adoption of the Concept of cooperation between the SCO Member States in the development of ports and logistics centers, as well as the results of the SCO International Transport Forum (Tashkent, November 1, 2023).

The Member States supported the further implementation of the Agreement between the governments of the SCO Member States on creating favorable conditions for international road transport (Dushanbe, September 12, 2014), including regular meetings of the relevant Joint Commission.

Member States reaffirm their commitment to accelerate the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and inclusive and participatory economic globalization. They will strive to remove barriers and develop common approaches to trade facilitation. The Member States emphasize the importance of increasing the level of cooperation between the customs departments of the SCO Member States, as well as establishing interaction between certification bodies.

Member States confirmed the importance of increasing cooperation in the field of electronic commerce, sharing knowledge and experience in the use of digital technologies, protecting consumer rights in electronic commerce, and resolving online disputes.

Member States reaffirm their commitment to strengthening cooperation in the field of agriculture and ensuring food security, diversifying areas of interaction with an emphasis on innovation and resource conservation, establishing exchanges in the field of agricultural science, and continuing to use multilateral platforms, including the SCO Demonstration Base for exchanges and training in agricultural technologies to promote development of modern agriculture in the region.

They noted the adoption of the Program for the Development of Cooperation in the field of selection and seed production of agricultural crops (Astana, May 29, 2024).

Member States reaffirmed the importance of strengthening cooperation in the field of e-commerce to expand and intensify regional trade and economic cooperation. They note the desire to bridge the gap in the levels of digital development and consider it necessary to jointly overcome relevant challenges, including by combining national programs in the development of the digital economy. The Member States welcome theresults of the SCO Digital Forum and the first meeting of the Management Commission of the Pool of Technoparks and Innovation Clusters (Almaty, February 1-2, 2024).

Member States emphasized the need to further strengthen mutually beneficial cooperation in the field of the digital economy, including by supporting the development of digital technologies, using the opportunities of digital transformation, including digital public infrastructure to achieve digital financial inclusion.

They encourage the development and responsible use of technological innovation, including innovative payment systems, and place importance on improving digital financial literacy and consumer protection.

They welcomed the results of the 4th SCO Startup Forum (New Delhi, March 19, 2024).

The Member States emphasized the importance of further implementation by interested SCO Member States of the Roadmap to gradually increase the share of national currencies in mutual settlements (Samarkand, September 16, 2022).

The Member States noted the proposal of the Republic of Kazakhstan to create an SCO Investment Fund and advocated its further development. They also approved the Regulations of the Investors Association of the SCO Member States.

The Member States emphasized the need to provide financial support for project activities in order to fully unlock the investment potential of the Organization and, in this regard, continue consultations on the creation of the SCO Development Bank and the SCO Development Fund (Special Account).

The Member States supported the proposal of the Republic of Tajikistan and decided to establish a mechanism for the Meeting of Heads of Antimonopoly Agencies of the SCO Member States.

The Member States are in favor of further development of cooperation in ensuring energy security. They consider it important to have a coordinated and balanced energy transition that takes into account the interests of both producing countries and consumers of traditional fuels, in accordance with the national priorities and capabilities of the SCO Member States.

Interested Member States that have opted for the use of civil nuclear energy will develop cooperation on voluntary and mutually agreed terms in the field of research, innovation, development and implementation of civil nuclear technologies in accordance with national legislation.

The Member States, having welcomed the results of the SCO Energy Forum (Astana, October 3-4, 2023), approved the Strategy for the development of energy cooperation of the SCO Member States for the period until 2030.The Member States confirmed their intention to further develop interaction between the analytical and expert circles of the SCO Member States. They welcomed the results of the 19th meeting of the SCO Forum (Tashkent, June 5-6, 2024) and emphasized the importance of the activities of this advisory and expert mechanism for the constant exchange of views between scientists and experts of the Organization’s states.

Member States emphasize the important role of the Interbank Association (IBA) and the SCO Business Council, youth entrepreneurship in unlocking the economic potential of the Organization. They note the importance of promoting interregional cooperation and public-private partnerships in the social and environmental spheres.

The Member States, confirming the special role of the development of interregional cooperation within the SCO, welcomed the results of the Week of Business Partnership of the Regions of the SCO Member States (Samarkand, August 7-11, 2023). They expressed their readiness to further strengthen interregional cooperation and noted the proposal of the Russian Federation to hold the IV Forum of Regional Heads on September 17-19, 2024 in Omsk.

The Member States noted the dynamic development of the cultural and humanitarian dimension in the SCO and advocated expanding cooperation in the field of culture and art, preserving the rich historical and spiritual heritage, as well as the languages and cultures of indigenous peoples, promoting multilingualism as an important factor in ensuring peace, cooperation, prosperity and harmony. In this regard, they noted the initiative of the Republic of Uzbekistan to prepare the SCO Cultural Exchange Calendar.

The Member States noted the results of the International Scientific and Practical Conference "The Golden Horde and Its Heritage” held at the initiative of the Republic of Kazakhstan (Turkestan, April 25-26, 2024).

The Member States noted the project "Spiritual Shrines of the SCO Countries” initiated by the Republic of Kazakhstan.

The Member States will strive to expand mutually beneficial cooperation in the field of tourism, including rural, gastronomic, medical and environmental tourism, develop tourism infrastructure using modern technologies, and increase the tourist flow between the SCO Member States. They noted the adoption of the SCO Joint Action Plan in the field of tourism for the period 2024-2025.

The Member States highly appreciated the events carried out by the Republic of Kazakhstan within the framework of the project "Almaty – the tourist and cultural capital of the SCO in 2023-2024”. They believe that declaring the city of Qingdao the tourist andcultural capital of the SCO in 2024-2025 will also help unlock the tourism potential of the region and further strengthen cooperation in the field of culture.

Member States emphasize the importance of further deepening cooperation in the field of education, expanding inter-university cooperation and exploring best practices in the field of digital education, including the introduction of innovative educational technologies. They advocate for further improvement of the activities of the SCO University, including by increasing the number of participating universities and expanding specialties, and also noted the proposal of the People's Republic of China to create the SCO Digital Education Association.

The Member States state that cooperation in the field of science and technology meets the common interests of global technological development. They will implement multilateral joint research and innovation projects within the SCO.

Member States, while attaching great importance to the development and application of artificial intelligence technologies, noted their willingness to work together to prevent risks in order to continuously improve the safety, accountability, reliability, trust and fairness of artificial intelligence technologies for the benefit of all humanity.

The Member States noted the importance of the creative economy as one of the most important components of the development of the innovative potential of the parties. They believe that support for creative industries will help increase the competitiveness of economies, develop small and medium-sized businesses and expand the employment market of the SCO Member States, including in remote and rural areas. They noted the proposal of the Republic of Uzbekistan to hold a Week of Innovative Partnership of the Regions of the SCO Member States.

The Member States especially noted the importance of the deep-rooted tradition of annually assigning thematic status to the next annual period in the SCO. They highly appreciated the substantive program of the SCO Year of Ecology.

The Member States agreed to declare 2025 the Year of Sustainable Development in the SCO.

Member States note the importance of strengthening cooperation in the field of environmental protection, ensuring environmental safety, rational use of natural resources, mitigating the negative effects of climate change and adapting to it, including through technology transfer and resource mobilization to meet the needs of developing countries. In this regard, they welcomed the signing of the Agreement between the governments of the SCO Member States on cooperation in the field of environmental protection, as well as the continuation of work within the framework of the agreements recorded in the Statement of the Council of Heads of SCO Member State on Response to Climate Change (Samarkand, September 16 2022).

They welcome the adoption of the developed Joint approaches to solving environmental problems, the Program for the development of cooperation among the SCO Member States in the field of protected areas (specially protected natural areas, protected natural areas) and eco-tourism, the Joint Action Plan for the implementation of the SCO Green Belt Program for 2024 -2026 and decided to create a Special Working Group of SCO Member States on climate change issues.

Member States, noting the negative impact of sand and dust storms on sustainable development in its economic, social and environmental aspects, emphasized the need to develop joint action plans at the regional and subregional levels.

Member States welcomed the outcome of the 3rd International High-Level Conference on the International Decade for Action "Water for Sustainable Development” 2018-2028 (Dushanbe, 10-13 June 2024).

Member States, expressing concern about the negative impact on human health of all types of waste and emphasizing the importance of taking practical measures to combat environmental pollution, adopted the Statement on Effective Waste Management.

Member States emphasize the importance of strengthening the activities of the SCO Youth Council and promoting youth exchanges. They noted the initiative of the Republic of Uzbekistan to develop a program of activities to expand youth exchange - "SCO - a space of creative ideas and initiatives of the future.”

The Member States expressed their readiness to strengthen cooperation in the field of preventing and responding to emergency situations and eliminating their consequences. They positively assess the cooperation of the SCO countries in the field of providing assistance in emergency situations and are ready to strengthen mutual learning and exchange of experience, including in the field of industrial safety.

Member States are unanimous in their opinion on the need to strengthen public health systems and give new impetus to the development of primary health care as one of the key tools in protecting public health and ensuring sanitary and epidemiological safety. They welcomed the results of the first SCO International Medical Congress (Bishkek, March 27-28, 2024) and noted the initiative of the Republic of Kazakhstan to create an International Coalition on Primary Health Care.

Member States emphasized the importance of access to clean drinking water for public health. In this regard, they adopted the Statement on Safe Drinking Water and Sanitation.

Member States note the need to further strengthen cooperation in the field of physical education and sports. In this regard, they noted the holding of the Kunming (Kunming, December 31, 2023) and Issyk-Kul SCO Marathons (Cholpon-Ata, May 4, 2024)and expressed support for holding such events that help strengthen friendship and mutual understanding.

Member States welcome the adoption of the UN General Assembly Resolution "Cooperation between the UN and the SCO” dated September 1, 2023, confirming the high level of dialogue between the two organizations and the international community’s recognition of the SCO’s contribution to the implementation of the goals, objectives and agenda of the UN.

The Member States highly appreciated the SCO-UN Special Event: "One Planet, One Future: Joining Efforts for Environmental Sustainability” and the signing of the Memorandum of Understanding between the SCO Secretariat and the UN Environment Program (Nairobi, February 28, 2024).

Member States noted the cooperation of the SCO with the Commonwealth of Independent States, the Collective Security Treaty Organization, the Eurasian Economic Union, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, the Economic Cooperation Organization and other partner associations.

The Member States also noted the cooperation of the SCO with the Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA) and emphasized the efforts of the CICA participating states for its institutional development.

The Member States welcomed the results of the joint SCO-FAO event "Dialogue on Food Security: Sustainable Development of Agriculture of the SCO Member States in the Face of Climate Challenges” (November 29, 2023), the adoption of the updated Joint Action Plan of the SCO Secretariat and FAO.

The Member States, welcoming the 20th anniversary of the establishment of the SCO Secretariat in Beijing and the Executive Committee of the SCO Regional Anti-Terrorism Structure in Tashkent, highly appreciate their work in assisting the SCO Member States in order to promote multifaceted cooperation in the interests of ensuring security and stability, sustainable development and prosperity in the region.

The Member States emphasize the historical significance of the admission of the Republic of Belarus to the SCO as a full member state.

The Member States highly appreciate the results of the chairmanship of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the SCO in 2023-2024, which contributed to further strengthening the authority of the Organization, improving its activities and developing multifaceted mutually beneficial cooperation.

The chairmanship of the SCO for the coming period passes to the People's Republic of China. The next meeting of the Council of Heads of SCO Member State will be held in 2025 in the People's Republic of China.

Write a Comment Write a Comment
Comments

Post A Comment

  • Name *
    E-mail *
  • Write Your Comment *
  • Verification Code * Verification Code